The onset of the rains is always seen as a blessing. Most people across the globe always look forward to the next rainy season. The birds and other animals equally rejoice when the rainy season sets. The lush green vegetation that sprouts immediately is always a sight to behold. However, there are aspects of the rainy season that can be a real nuisance. One of these aspects is the accumulation of water in sump basins in our houses, especially houses that have basements. The best sump pump would come in handy in such situations.

When water accumulates in sump basins in the house’s basement, it is prudent to remove it immediately to avoid waterborne diseases. The water is efficiently and easily removed using a sump pump. This pump will drain the sump and direct the water elsewhere where it is not a nuisance. The water could be pumped into the sewers or stored to be used for irrigation during the dry season. Having a good sump pump in the house in readiness for the rainy season is therefore paramount if you have water accumulating in your basement every time it rains.

There are different types of sump pumps available on the market. We realize that most people do not know the technical aspects of a sump pump, though they would still want an efficient pump. You do not want a pump that cannot adequately drain the sump basin in your house.  It would, therefore, be a daunting task for you to choose and purchase the best sump pump if you don’t know how to identify it. It does not have to that troubling. Below is a review of some carefully selected sump pumps that could be ideal for different situations. The discussion will give you insights into the technical aspects of a sump pump so that you know what is required of a good sump pump.

Best Sump Pumps 2018

NameCertificationHorsepowerMaterialPrice
Superior Pump 91330 1/3 HPUL-listing1/3thermoplasticCheck Price
WAYNE CDU790 1/3 HPUL-listing1/3Iron and steelCheck Price
Liberty Pumps 257UL-listing1/3IronCheck Price
WAYNE CDU980E 3/4 HPUL-listing3/4Iron and steelCheck Price
Zoeller M267UL-listing1/3ironCheck Price
Superior Pump 92341UL-listing1/3ironCheck Price
Zoeller M53UL-listing1/2ironCheck Price
WAYNE WSS30VUL-listing1/2Iron and steelCheck Price
Zoeller M63UL-listing1/2ironCheck Price
Zoeller 57 0001M57UL-listing1/3ironCheck Price
Wayne VIP50 1/2 HPUL-listing1/2Thermoplastic and glassCheck Price

1) Superior Pump 91330 1/3 HP – Best Submersible Sump Pump

best submersible sump pumpA good pump should be able to move large volumes of water and move them fast. The Superior Pump 91330 is a well-designed pump that can move a considerable volume of water within a short time. It is a submersible pump and has bottom suction. The pump has a strong motor and is made of a corrosion-free thermoplastic material. The bottom suction screen is fitted with a filter to ensure no solid particles can get into the pump. The pump is UL-listed meaning it has been certified as safe for use.

Core Features

  • It comes with a thermally protected motor.
  • The pump is 1/3HP submersible.
  • It can push water up to a height of 25 inches.
  • It has a ¼’’ discharge outlet.
  • It is made of a tough thermoplastic material.
  • It can move up to 40 gallons of water per minute.

Pros

  • The motor is thermally protected with a split capacitor hence it has fewer chances of breaking down.
  • The thermoplastic material is strong hence lasts for long.
  • It moves considerably large volumes of water in a minute.
  • The large discharge outlet gives it high capacity pumping.
  • It comes with a garden hose pipe.
  • It is lightweight hence portable.

Cons

  • The pump is a utility pump; it does not have automated functions such as the automatic shut off, which always comes in very handy.

Opinion

The Superior Pump 91330 seems like a moderate performance sump pump. The manufacturers have, however, put a lot of effort into making sure it is durable. It is an ideal pump for small pools of water. It could be a great fit for the home. It wouldn’t be the best fit for large buildings whose sumps basins are likely to have collected more water and are deeper. Its price is also more likely to be favorable and hence it appears in this review as a great pump for home use.

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2) WAYNE CDU790 1/3 HP – Submersible Sump Pump

best sump pumpThe WAYNE CDU790 is yet another pump whose development is anchored on durability. The pump is made of cast iron, so you can rest assured that it will last for long. It is a 1/3 HP submersible pump, which can handle water sump basins of up to 11 inches in diameter. It comes with 1-1/2-inch discharge which allows large flow and easy installation. This pump has been subjected to 1 million cycles of testing and has managed to come out as a strong, durable and effective pump. It can handle relatively larger pools of water than the superior pump above.

Core Features

  • The pump is fully submersible.
  • It is made of cast iron and coated with steel.
  • It can handle pools of up to 11 inches.
  • It comes with suction filters.
  • It has 1-1/2 Npt discharge capacity.

Pros

  • Full submersion enables the pump to pump out more water in a shorter time.
  • It can handle relatively larger pools.
  • The suction filters ensure no solid particle gets into the pump.
  • The iron cast material is very durable; it also effectively protects the motor.
  • It has a high-capacity NPT discharge.

Cons

  • The pump is heavy, moving it around might be a challenge.

Opinion

The WAYNE CDU790 has high durability and great performance. That is probably everything you would want in a pump, Right? Moving it might be tiring though if you have several pools to drain. It will work faster and more effectively thus compensating for the energy you’ll use to move it. It can handle relatively larger sump basins. It’s a high-performance pump ideal for home use.

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3) Liberty Pumps 257 – Automatic Submersible Sump Pump

best sump pumpThe Liberty Pump 257 is an automated sump pump made of cast iron. This pump combines durability, better performance, and convenience to emerge as a top pump. It comes with a 10-foot easy to connect the power cord. It is a 1/3 HP submersible pump with a vertical magnetic float. It comes with a thermally protected motor to ensure it does not stall. It can handle a pool of up to 10 inches in diameter. The pump requires that you do not let it run dry. Letting it run dry would lead to airlock which would pose challenges next time you want to use it. You could connect an alarm to warn you whenever all the water in the sump basin has been sucked into the pump. The alarm needs a separate circuit though.

Core Features

  • The pump’s outer shell is made of cast iron.
  • It pumps up to 50 gallons per minute.
  • It has a maximum discharge head of 21-foot.
  • It features a thermally protected motor.
  • It comes with a VMF (vertical magnetic float) switch.

Pros

  • The iron cast material makes it durable.
  • Automation makes its operation easy.
  • The thermally protected motor ensures it does not stall.
  • It has a high-capacity discharge head.
  • It pumps considerably large volumes of water in a minute.
  • It can handle a relatively larger sump pool.

Cons

  • It is delicate and requires care to ensure it does not pump out all the water in it. If it runs dry, it becomes air locked.
  • It is rather heavy and moving it around could be a challenge.

Opinion

The liberty pump 257 is a strong performance pump for moderate size pools. It drives out large volumes within a short time. It also comes with automated functions making it convenient for the user. It is made to last long. All these features make it a strong contender for a top position in the classification of best sump pumps. Extra care is needed to ensure it does not get air locked. It is difficult to remove the airlock since most of its functions are automated. You might have to incur an extra cost to set up an alarm on it. However, this is not too much of a downside considering its performance.

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4) WAYNE CDU980E 3/4 HP – Stainless Steel Sump Pump

best backup sump pumpThis is the second pump from the Wayne series on this review. The series is famed for its durable and high-capacity pumps. The WAYNE CDU980E does not perform any less. In fact, it is among the strongest pumps of the Wayne series. The WAYNE CDU980E is a ¾ HP submersible pump which promises high-capacity suction and quick discharge. It comes with the signature Wayne series iron cast material. It can handle sump pools of up to 11’’ in diameter. It is easy to install and operate.

Core Features

  • It has a stainless-steel motor housing.
  • The base is made of cast iron.
  • It is fully submersible.
  • It comes with a motor of ¾ Horsepower.
  • It has a 1-1/2’ NPT discharge capacity.

Pros

  • The stainless-steel casing ensures the motor stay protects hence fewer chances of stalling.
  • The iron cast base is durable.
  • The pump is equipped with filters that ensure not solid particles get in.
  • The pump has a high-capacity suction system.
  • The pumps out relatively large volumes of water in a short time.

Cons

  • The pump is heavy hence not very ideal in instances where you need to move it a lot.

Opinion

The WAYNE CDU980E pump is an even stronger pump from the Wayne series. It has an impressive suction capacity and still has all the features synonymous with the Wayne sump pumps, that makes them durable. It is an ideal pump for home use. The weight issue might not be so much of a concern if you are using it only for your home basement as you might not even have to move it more than once. Its performance, therefore, warrants its appearance on this review.

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5) Zoeller M267

best backup sump pumpThe Zoeller M267 is specially designed for sewer pumping applications. It can still be used to pump water from sump basins. The pump is designed to be durable and easy to use. It comes with 0.5 horsepower and 2’’ NPT capacity. It is fitted with an anti-clogging system and a chrome plate straight top. The pump has acceptable power levels and an impressive suction capacity.

Core Features

  • It features a quarter turn straight top that is chrome plated.
  • It is Lead-free.
  • It features a quarter-turn valve operation.
  • It has a 0.5 HP motor.
  • It features 2’’ NPT discharge capacity.
  • It features an anti-clogging design.
  • It has a cast Iron housing.

Pros

  • It has a strong enough motor.
  • It has high-capacity suction.
  • The anti-clogging system works to ensure it doesn’t get clogged.
  • The iron-cast housing is durable.
  • It has an automated thermal protection.

Cons

  • It lacks filters in the suction screen; solid particles could easily damage its components.
  • It is extremely heavy and moving it is a challenge.

Opinion

The Zoeller M267 has great performance regarding both power and convivence. The pump is usable in large pools and outdoor applications. It is designed to handle sewer pumping applications. It is tolerant of solid debris making it very efficient and long-lasting. Its weight is a concern if you are in a situation where you need to move it often and do not have the necessary equipment to move it.

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6) Superior Pump 92341

best submersible sump pumpThe Superior Pump 9234 is the second of the superior pumps series to appear on this list. It is a lightweight and durable pump. It is made of a cast iron material which is very tough durable. The pump has a 1/3 HP motor. This pump can move up to 45 gallons within one hour. It features an electronically controlled split capacitor that adds more protection to the motor ensuring it does not stall.

Core Features

  • It comes with a removable suction screen.
  • It has a one-piece motor housing.
  • It has split capacitor protection for the motor.
  • The pump is UL-listed.
  • It features copper windings.
  • It comes with dual seals.

Pros

  • The removable suction screen ensures it can be easily cleaned.
  • The one-piece motor housing ensures more efficient heat dissipation.
  • The UL-listing means the pump is certified as safe.
  • The copper windings are more effective in power transfer.
  • It has a high suction capacity.
  • It moves large volumes of water in a short time.

Cons

  • This model of the superior pumps is heavy hence not easy to move around.

Opinion

The Superior pump 9234 is a strong model of the Superior sump pump series. It has a high suction capacity and delivers an equally impressive discharging capacity. It comes with numerous features that make it powerful and convenient. It is a bit heavy but it has good performance hence a perfect fit for home applications.

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7) Zoeller M53 – Submersible Sump Pump

sump pumpThe Zoeller pump series are famed for their power and versatility concerning their applications. The Zoeller M53 is an even stronger version, which lives up to the expected performance. It has a strong motor that translates into high suction capacity. It also moves large volumes of water and is not affected by solid debris. It can be used in large pools and heavy sewer applications. You can still use it for simple home applications though it is extremely heavy. Its whole shell is made of cast iron.

Core Features

  • It has a 1/3 HP motor.
  • It features a 1-1/2’’ NPT discharge capacity.
  • It has an anti-clogging system.
  • Its whole shell is made of cast iron.
  • It has an automatic float activated switch.

Pros

  • It has a strong motor hence a high suction capacity.
  • It has a high discharge capacity.
  • The anti-clogging system ensures the machine is not affected by debris.
  • The cast iron material is durable and provides ample protection to the motor.
  • The automated float activated switch makes the machine convenient.

Cons

  • The machine is extremely heavy hence not easily portable.
  • The machine has no filter; though it has an anti-clogging system, the debris could still damage some of the inner components.

Opinion

The Zoeller M53 is yet another entrant to this review from the Zoller series. The sump pump is made to handle tougher and more engaging situations. It could still work well in a home situation if you can find a way to conveniently move it around. It has amazing power both in suction and discharge making it one of the best sump pumps on the market.

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8) WAYNE WSS30V – Best Backup Sump Pump

sump pumpThe third entrant from the Wayne series, the WAYNE WSS30V, is more impressive as compared to its, siblings. The pump comes pre-assembled and has adequate suction and discharge capacity. The Wayne series pumps are arguably the best-suited pumps for home applications. The Wayne WSS30V has a 0.5 HP motor and can handle a pool of up to 15’’ in diameter. Tested through up to 1 million cycles the pump promises nothing but the most effective water pumping solutions.

Core Features

  • It comes with a 0.5 HP motor.
  • It can handle a pool of up to 15’’ in diameter.
  • It comes with a 12v backup pump.
  • It is corrosion resistant.
  • The motor casing is made of stainless steel.
  • The base is made of cast iron.
  • It is fitted with filters on the suction screen.

Pros

  • It has a strong enough motor for high capacity suction.
  • It can handle a relatively large sump pool.
  • The back-up ensures it continues to pump even after power loss.
  • The cast iron and stainless-steel materials are very durable.
  • The filters help to prevent solid particles from being sucked into the pump.

Cons

  • The wires connecting it to the backup are not long enough.
  • The pump is rather heavy hence not easy to move it around.

Opinion

The WAYNE WSS30V is an impressive sump pump, considering its performance. It can handle relatively larger pools compared to other pumps of the same caliber that we have reviewed so far. It could therefore easily make to the top as far as the best sump pumps for home applications are concerned. Overall, it is a high-performance pump both in suction and discharge.

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9) Zoeller M63

top rated sump pumpsThis is yet another Zoeller sump pump that delivers amazing performance. The manufacturers of this pump offer a warranty period of 5 years, showing their confidence in the performance and durability of the pump. The Zoeller M63, just like its siblings does not disappoint in any aspect. It has an impressive capacity, both in suction and discharge. It is made of the signatures cast iron that is very durable. This pump is for tough pumping situations. It is ideal for sewer pumping applications though you could still use it at home.

Core Features

  • It has a 1/3 HP motor.
  • It is fully submersible.
  • It is made of cast iron.
  • It has a 1-1-2’’ discharge flow.
  • It can discharge up to 43 gallons of water in a minute.

Pros

  • It has a strong motor which enables a high suction capacity.
  • The cast iron is very durable.
  • It has a relatively high discharge flow.
  • It has an anti-clogging system.

Cons

  • Zoeller pumps have no filters on their suction screens. Though they have an anti-clogging system, the solid debris could easily damage the pump’s inner components
  • The pump is heavy and not suitable for application in instances where it has to be often moved.

Opinion

The Zoller M63 lives up to the reputation of Zoller pumps of being powerful. It can handle tough conditions and deliver impressive results. The Zoller M63 easily features on this review as a result of the durability of the pump. It comes with five years warranty, which is pretty long. This assures you of long service from the pump.

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10) Zoeller 57 0001M57

top rated sump pumpsThe Zoeller series has proven to have superior pumps, hence the many entrants to this review. The other Zoeller sump pumps we have looked at are designed to handle outdoor applications. Here comes a Zoeller pump that is designed for home applications, the Zoeller 57-0001 M57. It is lighter than the other Zoeller pumps but keeps up with them regarding suction and discharge capacities.

Core Features

  • It is corrosion resistant.
  • It is made of cast iron.
  • It has an anti-clogging system.
  • It comes with a 0.3 HP motor.
  • It has a 1-1/2’’ NPT discharge capacity.

Pros

  • It is durable. The cast iron material lasts long.
  • The anti-clogging system ensures it does not stall.
  • It has a high discharge capacity.
  • It is lighter than the other Zoeller pumps hence more portable.

Cons

  • It also lacks filters; the debris can easily damage the pump’s components.

Opinion

This pump has all the signature features of Zoeller pumps. It has however been made more applicable to small home-based pumping needs. It is powerful and durable. This pump could be the best-suited pump for pumping out that water that accumulates in your basement every time it rains.

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11) Wayne VIP50 1/2 HP

sump pump reviewsWe close off by looking at arguably the most powerful sump pump from the Wayne series. This pump delivers higher suction and discharge capacities than the other Wayne pumps we have reviewed. It is made of a thermoplastic material that is reinforced with glass. This makes it extremely light while remaining tough, strong and durable. The material is also corrosion-resistant. It has a well-protected and powerful motor. The Wayne VIP50 pump is probably the best sump pump on this list.

Core Features

  • It is fully submersible.
  • It is corrosion resistant.
  • The body is made of thermoplastic material reinforced with glass.
  • It has a 0.5 HP motor.
  • Usable both indoors and outdoors.

Pros

  • It can comfortably handle dirty water with solid debris.
  • The materials used to make it are durable and corrosion free.
  • It has a strong motor.
  • It has a high suction and discharge capacity.
  • The pump is lightweight hence portable and convenient.

Cons

  • It allows solid debris to be sucked in. These could easily damage its inner components.

Opinion

The Wayne VIP50 sump pump appears to be the overall best pump in this list for home applications. It has tremendous power, suction and discharge capacities. It is applicable both indoors and outdoors. Whether it’s those annoying pools of water in your backyard, or its those filled up sump basins in your basement, this pump will drain them easily and efficiently. It should be one of the pumps on the top of your list if you are looking to purchase a sump pump.

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We have reviewed some sump pumps, and it would be safe to bet that you now have a good understanding of what a good sump pump should be. The technical aspects of these pumps are fundamental since they are the ultimate determinants of how efficiently it performs. Having understood these aspects, it is most likely that you will still be in a dilemma concerning what factors are supposed to inform your decision to purchase a particular sump pump and forgo the other. The following are some aspects you are supposed to consider while shopping for a sump pump.

  1. The Lift that the Pump is to Exert on the Water

You need to check the amount of lift needed to get the water out of the sump basins to a point where it can freely flow to where it is meant to be. Once you know the lift, you will compare it with the power of the pump’s motor. The more powerful the motor is, the more the lift it can exert on the water sucked by the pump. The lift is calculated by measuring the vertical distance involved and adding one foot for every 90 degrees turn. The sump pumps manuals will also always indicate the lift that the pump can handle.

  1. Materials Used to Make the Pump

The materials used to make the pump are indicative of how long lasting it is. Stainless steel and cast iron are common materials that are used. They are durable and corrosion-free, but they make the pumps heavy. Thermoplastic materials are also used. They are corrosion-free but not as strong and durable as stainless steel and cast iron. These materials also affect heat dissipation which affects the performance of the pump. Stainless steel is very effective in heat dissipation and ensures that the motor remains healthy for long.

  1. The Shut off Height of the Pump

The shut-off height of the pump determines its level of submersion and hence it’s power. The higher the height of the pump the more power it is.  A high-height pump will have enough power to push water even through an obstructed path.

  1. Price

The price range for sump pumps is wide. They differ in prices depending on the brand and performance. Normally, the more expensive one will be more durable and have a better performance. It is however important to go through the specifications of each pump to establish its effectiveness. Sometimes the prices are informed by the popularity of the brand rather than the performance. Ultimately, you should strive to get the best sump pump that is within your budget.

Conclusion

Having looked at various sump Pumps that you can purchase, and guidelines on what to consider when buying a pump, it is always paramount to keep your safety in mind. These pumps use electric power, and they interact with water. It is easy to get electrocuted under such conditions. Always ensure that the pump you purchase has been tested and certified as safe. The certified one will always have a confirmation stamp. This review might be too long for you to recall every single detail of it. As such below is a simplified table that you could quickly go through and compare the different sump pumps we have reviewed.

NameFeaturesPrice
Superior Pump 91330 1/3 HP
  • The pump has a thermally protected motor

  • Pumps 40 gallons per minute

  • It is made of a thermoplastic material

  • Fully submersible

  • Check Price
    WAYNE CDU790 1/3 HP
  • Fully submersible

  • Cast iron body

  • 1-1/2 NPT discharge capacity

  • Suction filters

  • Check Price
    Liberty Pumps 257
  • Cast iron body

  • 50 gallons per minute

  • Thermally protected motor

  • VMF switch

  • Check Price
    WAYNE CDU980E 3/4 HP
  • 1-1/2 NPT discharge capacity

  • Fully submersible

  • ¾ horsepower

  • Stainless steel motor housing

  • Check Price
    Zoeller M267
  • 5 horsepower

  • Quarter turn valve

  • Lead-free

  • Anti-clogging system

  • Cast iron housing

  • Check Price
    Superior Pump 92341
  • Removable suction screen

  • Split capacitor motor protection

  • Copper windings

  • Dual seals

  • Check Price
    Zoeller M53
  • 1/3 horsepower motor

  • 1-1/2 NPT discharge capacity

  • Anti-clogging system

  • Cast iron shell

  • Auto-float-activated switch

  • Check Price
    WAYNE WSS30V
  • 5 horsepower motor

  • Corrosion resistant

  • Stainless steel motor housing

  • Cast iron base

  • Suction screen filters

  • Check Price
    Zoeller M63
  • 1/3 horsepower motor

  • Fully submersible

  • Cast Iron body

  • 1-1/2 discharge capacity

  • 43 gallons per minute

  • Check Price
    Zoeller 57 0001M57
  • Corrosion resistant

  • Cast Iron body

  • Anti-clogging system

  • 3 Horsepower motor

  • 1-1/2 NPT discharge capacity

  • Check Price
    Wayne VIP50 1/2 HP
  • Fully submersible

  • Corrosion resistant

  • Thermoplastic material reinforced with glass

  • 5 horsepower motor

  • Check Price

    Best Sump Pump 2018 – Buyer’s Guide (DEEP INSIGHT)

    Here is a comprehensive buying guide for best sump pumps 2018 to have a deep insight for a better decision.

    If you are thinking of moving to a new house, then besides other household assets, you need to consider buying a sump pump. This is because of the shallow water tables in some areas. In the event of heavy rains and storms, these tables tend to rise, and if left unattended may weaken your house foundation posing the risk of collapsing. In some instances, the water may soak and damage your possession. To avoid these problems, therefore, purchasing the best sump pump is ideal to pump out any excess water. This article offers a guide on how to go about your next pump purchase. Keep on reading.

    Types and how to buy

    If you are a novice or regular user, you need prior knowledge and understanding of the different pump types before checking any other component on your pump. After this, you will be able to optimally meet your needs by purchasing the pump that describes the pit you want to drain. The following comprise the different pump types:

    Submersible pump: just as the name suggests, this pump requires total submersion into the water during its operation. Thus, its motors are waterproof to prevent damage. This pump costs a little more than the other types but is the most efficient of all. Also, it is easier to handle compared to the other pump types.

    Pedestal pump: this pump has an impeller at its base and a powerful open motor at the top. Its placement during operation is thus above the sump. The pump comes at an affordable price and has the longest life compared to the other pump types.

    Backup pumps: these pumps are useful in the event of a power outage or in case the primary pump fails hence a property saver. In case of a power blackout, this pump’s battery starts providing the power to the pump and can continue to run for about eight hours until the power comes back. The pump works best where the water pressure is low.

    Water powered pump: unlike the above pump types, this type of pump does not require battery or electricity power to run. Instead, they utilize the city water pressure, which requires low operating costs to run such that you need not worry about a power outage.

    Automatic pump: this pump is a submersible type. The pump has a switch which turns the pump on or off when the water levels reach a specific level to prevent damages. The pump can, therefore, run in both automatic and manual modes, sparing you the worry especially if the rains start while you are away. The commonly used switch types with this pump include float, pressure, and low-level pressure switches.

    Portable pump: this pump is used as a temporary solution to prevent property damage. Being a temporary solution, therefore, you should not overwork it through frequent use. The pump has unique features that ensure maximum water flow leaving your area dry.

    Before purchasing any of the above pump types, you need special consideration of the following factors:

    Cost: before anything else, draft a budget and spare the amount you intend to spend on your pump. While you may be tempted to go for the cheap pumps, some of them lack the basic features. Thus, to settle for the best pump, consider doing market research or shop online for the prices to ensure you gain value for your money.

    Brands: as a smart buyer, it is safe to stick to top brands in the market. This is not only comfortable but also offers low risks compared to investing in a new brand. This, however, should not discourage you from purchasing the new brands. If you like to explore, then do a thorough review of the new brand before the purchase.

    Maintenance: pumps which require maintenance after an extended period of use are the ideal types to buy.

    Quality: the quality of your pump should be top notch to ensure durability and reliability. For instance, if you intend to purchase the submersible pump, consider one with a quality case that is not only waterproof but also rust resistant due to the nature of work the pump handles.

    Special features to look for when buying a sump pump

    Purchasing the best sump pump requires a smart buyer to spend quality time analyzing the special features that influence the pump performance. The following therefore comprises the unique pump features you need to look for to ensure no quality compromise.

    Motor housing: with sump pumps, you need high-quality housing for your motor. This is due to the nature of environment the pumps operate in. Among the housing options, you can pick for your pump include thermoplastic, cast iron, and stainless steel. Thermoplastic offers a cheap, strong and damage resistant cover hence useful in most applications. Cast iron is stronger and heavier thus limited use in pits. Also, it is easily affected by aggressive water. Stainless steel on the other side is the best housing choice due to its impermeability. However, it is quite expensive compared to the above two options.

    Switch: there are three types of pump switches, namely tethered, vertical and electronic switches. Tethered switches tend to float upwards as water enters the sump to activate the pump. Vertical switches move upwards on a rod as water enters the sump to activate the pump while the electronic switches employ a metal probe to detect the water level such that when the water touches the ‘on’ probe, the switch activates.  As the water levels drop, the ‘off’ buttons on these switches deactivate the pump, cutting off the power supply. The type of switch you select for your pump will affect your pump’s durability. A good switch will allow your pump to run for long and then cool hence a long service time. To ensure safe operation, locate your switch away from obstacles to allow for free operation.

    Check valve: this feature has a flap that prevents any water remaining in the pipe from draining back to the pump after the pump switches off. A regular replacement on this valve is necessary to deal with corrosion caused by the water.

    Alarm: some pumps feature an alarm which detects the water levels in the sump. Thus in the event, the water levels surpass the pre-set thresholds, this alarm alerts the owner hence preventing overflows. Also, when the battery is low especially when using the backup pump, the alarm system will alert you to take necessary action.

    Impellers: these blades rotate and move water out of the sump through the PVC pipes. To ensure proper function, this feature should be powerful enough to pump aggressive water out of the sump pit efficiently. In this case, therefore, a stainless steel, sheet or cast iron will be ideal.

    Pumping head: this feature, expressed in length units (Ft) shows how high the water pumped out of the sump goes. Thus, a pump head with a 20 feet rating will pump water vertically to a height of 20 feet.

    Thermal overload protection: to prevent overheating, some pumps feature a thermal cut out. This feature prevents electricity flow to the pump, providing adequate time for the pump to cool after which it can resume its operation.

    Power cord: a long cord is ideal for use in different sump sizes. Thus, in the event of a future move to a different house, you will not need to incur extra expenses purchasing a longer power cord. Short cords require extra wiring hence costly and hazardous bearing in mind their use in the water.

    Tech Specs

    Motor amperage: with these pumps, the higher the amps, the more powerful and the motor. Thus, as a smart buyer, consider pumps with at least 12 amps or more for longer great services.

    Voltage: the supply voltage refers to the pump’s operating voltage. Depending on whether the pump is for residential or industrial use, this voltage will vary, with industrial pumps featuring high voltages.

    Pump dimension: the pump dimension comprises its length, width and height measures. Depending on the area you are working on and the amount of water you expect to settle in the pit, you may need a small or big pump.

    Horsepower: The primary emphasis of this spec is the gallons of water per hour, GPH that your pump discharges. Powerful pumps offer feature more GPH. For a beginner, it is safe to start with the ½-hp. However, if you want a more powerful pump, especially if you use your pump frequently, select one with more horsepower. For the submersible and pedestal pumps, the power should at least be 1/3 HP or more. Backup pumps can have either the ¼ or ½ HP. A higher horsepower implies:

    • More water movement
    • More costs due to the higher utility bills in operation
    • Larger discharge pipe diameter to handle a high horsepower

    Discharge pipe diameter: discharge pipe diameters range between 1 ¼ to 1 ½ inches. To ensure efficient functionality, your discharge pipe diameter should equal the pump diameter. This will guarantee you a great fit for most PVC pipes. If your pipe is too long, this can compromise the performance of your pump; thus, consider a reasonable diameter increase for a longer pipe to ensure maximum efficiency.

    Choosing the best sump pumps for your lifestyle

    A sump pump works well in the house basement. However, the manner in which you utilize this space will dictate the features of the type of pump you select. The following comprises a review of three best sump pumps and their outstanding features that will guide you on your pump purchase.

    The fastest pump in emergency cases:  if you store valuable goods in your basement, then you need a good safety investment to prevent their damage. Among these investments is the Superior Pump 91330 which features a fast pumping action to pump out water. With a 1/3hp and a 2400 GPH, this pump ensures you empty your basement within the shortest time. Its motors are powerful but energy efficient, operating at 4.1amps. These motors are safe from water seepage, courtesy of a double seal on the motor plates. For maximum durability and strength, the pump features a thermoplastic material in its make. The pump has a large 1 ¼ inch discharge diameter hence a high pumping capacity.  To ensure user safety, this pump features a UL listing and CSA certification. To facilitate its application beyond the basement, Superior Pump 91330 has a garden hose adapter. The pump has a one-year limited warranty that makes it a worthy investment for any smart buyer.

    The best effluent pump for home use: home basements are highly susceptible to flooding. This flooding may in some instances contain some debris material which some pumps may not be able to remove. If you, therefore, want a complete clean up of your basement after such floods, then consider the Liberty 257 pump. This pump features a ½ inch debris handling capacity that enables it to remove all the debris together with the water in your basement. It is efficient in its operation, pumping 50 gallons of water per minute at a 21feet discharge height. The pump’s body features cast iron with an epoxy powder finish hence strong and durable. To ensure efficient operation, the pump motor features an energy efficient design that reduces electricity consumption by 40%.  These motors feature thermal protection and lubrication hence durability despite interaction with several corrosive water minerals. To facilitate its operation in small pits, this pump features a VMF magnetic switch that allows for operation through a small pit with a 10-inch diameter.

    The best dewatering pump: if you are looking for the ideal pump for dewatering, then Wayne CDU980E is the ideal option. Featuring a 4600 GPH and ¾ HP, this submersible pump features a high-speed operation. It has a top suction pump whose design prevents the formation of airlocks. This design also prevents clogging by debris found in the pit’s bottom to allow for an efficient 10 feet height discharge of the water by the pump. The pump is ideal for use in both small and large pits with 11-inch diameter and above. Besides its quality features, this pump is safe to operate courtesy of its float guard that prevents switch hang-ups. Also, to avoid overflows, this pump provides for an alarm installation that will alert you where the water levels surpass the acceptable limit. The pump has a five-year warranty hence a worthy investment for your money.

    FAQs About The Sump Pumps

    • Do I need a GFCI on my pump?

    The GFCI protects the user from electrocution. Some brands have this feature while others do not. However, to be safe, consider having one for your pump especially because your pump is pumping water which is a good electric conductor. While you consider this, be ready to accommodate some inconveniences that your GFCI may cause such as tripping your circuit without any major reason.

    • My pump keeps on running, what could be the problem?

    The reason why your pump is running even when there is no water to pump is that the float switch is at the ON position. Thus, before calling a technician to troubleshoot advanced problems, first turn off the float switch and check the response.

    • How do I clean my pump?

    Cleaning your sump requires adherence to the instruction manual as different brands feature some uniqueness in their cleaning processes. To begin with, allow your pump to drain all the water before opening the parts for cleaning. Since this cleaning is not regular, there is a likelihood to find dirty water and debris in your pump hence wear a pair of gloves and a face mask to protect your hands and deal with the odor respectively. To clean the parts, use clean water and rinse thoroughly.  Finally, assemble the parts and return your pump to the pit.

    • How do I troubleshoot my pump?

    To test your pump for any defaults, start by checking the hosepipe for any dirt and debris that may clog it. Secondly, check the power cord by plugging and unplugging it into the electrical outlet to ensure it is working. Finally, check the pump’s plugs by inserting them into the power outlet and observing whether the pump operates. If you notice a problem in any of the above parts, seek professional repair services for your pump.

    • How long should I take before replacing my pump?

    A pump on average lasts between five and seven years. However, this duration will depend on the frequency of use and volume of water it pumps.  With low usage, the pump may end up serving you for a longer time. This, however, will require constant maintenance and troubleshooting to detect any problems that you can quickly fix to prevent pump breakdown.

    In conclusion, the best sump pump as seen above requires a smart buyer to take their time to study all the specs and review the top brands. While doing this, you should understand your needs such that the pump you settle efficiently meets them.  Thus, with the above guide, you will get not only a guarantee for quality but also an efficient pump.

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